NFS on Debian

I just noticed this recently. Unlike in CentOS, Debian mountd ports are dynamic and they will keep changing every reboot. Therefore, if the host firewall is enabled, the allowed ports may require constant modification due to mountd ports are not hardcoded.

To install NFS on Debian

apt install -y nfs-kernel-server nfs-common

You can find the mountd ports via the following command. Execute this to the NFS server.

rpcinfo -p | grep mountd

To get make the mountd port(s) permanent, we need to edit the /etc/defaults/nfs-kernel-server. We need to add the following lines.

# Original
RPCMOUNTDOPTS="--manage-gids"

# Modified 
#RPCMOUNTDOPTS="--manage-gids"
RPCMOUNTDOPTS="--port 32767"

After updating the nfs-kernel-server file, the nfs-kernel-server.service need to be restarted.

systemctl restart nfs-kernel-server.service

Verify the mountd ports that matches the statically set using the command rpcinfo -p | grep mountd. On the client side, run the command

showmount -e <ip-addr>

If you have a firewall installed, you need to allow the ports. This is it.

Cheers!

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